Today in History
August 22

1350   John II, also known as John the Good, succeeds Philip VI as king of France.
1485   Henry Tudor defeats Richard III at Bosworth. This victory establishes the Tudor dynasty in England and ends the Wars of the Roses.
1642   Civil war in England begins as Charles I declares war on Parliament at Nottingham.
1717   The Austrian army forces the Turkish army out of Belgrade, ending the Turkish revival in the Balkans.
1777   With the approach of General Benedict Arnold‘s army, British Colonel Barry St. Ledger abandons Fort Stanwix and returns to Canada.
1849   The Portuguese governor of Macao, China, is assassinated because of his anti-Chinese policies.
1922   Michael Collins, Irish politician, is killed in an ambush.
1942   Brazil declares war on the Axis powers. She is the only South American country to send combat troops into Europe.
1945   Soviet troops land at Port Arthur and Dairen on the Kwantung Peninsula in China.
1945   Conflict in Vietnam begins when a group of Free French parachute into southern Indochina, in response to a successful coup by communist guerilla Ho Chi Minh.
1952   Devil’s Island‘s penal colony is permanently closed.
1956   Incumbent US President Dwight D. Eisenhower & Vice President Richard Nixon are renominated by Republican convention in San Francisco.
1962   OAS (Secret Army Organization) gunmen unsuccessfully attempt to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle; the incident inspires Frederick Forsyth’s novel, The Day of the Jackal.
1962   The world’s first nuclear-powered passenger-cargo ship, NS Savannah, completes its maiden voyage from Yorktown, Va., to Savannah, Ga.
1968   The first papal visit to Latin America takes place; Pope Paul VI arrives in Bogota.
1971   A Bolivian military coup is carried out: Col. Hugo Banzer Suarez ousts leftist president, Gen. Juan Jose Torres and assumes power.
1971   The FBI arrests members of The Camden 28, an anti-war group, as the group is raiding a draft office in Camden, NJ.
1972   The International Olympic Committee votes 36–31 with 3 abstentions to ban Rhodesia from the games because of the country’s racist policies.
1983   Benigno Aquino, the only real opposition to Ferdinand Marcos’ reign as president of the Philippines, is gunned down at Manila Airport.
1989   The first complete ring around Neptune is discovered.
1995   During an 11-day siege at at Ruby Ridge, Id., FBI HRT sniper Lon Horiuchi kills Vicki Weaver while shooting at another target.
2003   Alabama Chief Justice Roy Moore is suspended for refusing to comply with a federal court order to remove the Ten Commandments from the Alabama Supreme Court building’s lobby.
2005   In an art heist, a version of The Scream and Madonna, two paintings by Edvard Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from a museum in Oslo, Norway.
2007   The most runs scored by any team in modern MLB history is recorded as the Texas Rangers thump the Baltimore Orioles 30-3.
Born on August 22
1647   Denis Papin, inventor of the pressure cooker.
1880   George Herriman, cartoonist, creator of Krazy Kat.
1891   Jacque Lipchitz, sculptor.
1893   Dorothy Parker, poet, satirist and founding member of the Algonquin Round Table.
1904   Deng Xiaoping, Chinese leader from 1977 to 1987, held nominal leadership position until his death in 1997.
1908   Henri Cartier-Bresson, photographer.
1917   John Lee Hooker, blues singer and guitarist.
1920   Ray Bradbury, science fiction writer whose works include Fahrenheit 451 and The Martian Chronicles.
1934   H. Norman Schwarzkopf, American general and commander of the coalition forces during the Persian Gulf War.
1935   Annie Proulx, Pulitzer Prize–winning author (The Shipping News).
1938   Delmar Allen “Dale” Hawkins, pioneer rockabilly singer/songwriter (“Suzy Q”).
1939   Valerie Harper, actress (Mary Tyler Moore Show, Rhoda).
1940   Anthony Crosthwaite-Eyre, English publisher.
1942   Kathy Lennon, singer, member of the Lennon Sisters.
1943   Masatoshi Shima, Japanese computer scientist who helped develop the Intel 4004, the world’s first commercial microprocessor.
1947   Donna Godchaux, singer with The Grateful Dead and Heart of Gold Band.
1950   I. Lewis “Scooter” Libby, chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney during the administration of Pres. George W. Bush; sentenced to 30 months for felony convictions, his sentence was commuted by Pres. Bush.
1968   Rich Lowry, editor of National Review.
1970   Giada De Laurentiis, chef and television host.
1986   Keiko Kitagawa, Japanese model and actress (Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon, The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift).

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