Today in History
August 13

1521 Hernan Cortes captures the city of Tenochtitlan, Mexico, and sets it on fire.
1630 Emperor Ferdinand II dismisses Albert Eusebius von Wallenstein, his most capable general.
1680 War starts when the Spanish are expelled from Santa Fe, New Mexico, by Indians under Chief Pope.
1704 The Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene of Austria defeat the French Army at the Battle of Blenheim.
1787 The Ottoman Empire declares war on Russia.
1862 Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest defeats a Union army under Thomas Crittenden at Murfreesboro, Tennessee.
1881 The first African-American nursing school opens at Spelman College in Atlanta, Georgia.
1889 The first coin-operated telephone is patented by William Gray.
1892 The first issue of the Afro American newspaper is published in Baltimore, Maryland.
1898 Manila, the capital of the Philippines, falls to the U.S. Army.
1910 British nurse Florence Nightingale, famous for her care of British soldiers during the Crimean War, dies.
1932 Adolf Hitler refuses to serve as Franz Von Papen’s vice chancellor.
1948 During the Berlin Airlift, the weather over Berlin becomes so stormy that American planes have their most difficult day landing supplies. They deem it ‘Black Friday.’
1961 Construction begins on the Berlin Wall during the night.
1963 A 17 year-old Buddhist monk burns himself to death in Saigon, South Vietnam.
1978 A bomb attack in Beirut during the Second Lebanese Civil War kills more than 150 people.
1989 The wreckage of a plane that carried U.S. congressman Mickey Leland and others on a humanitarian mission is found on a mountain side in Ethiopia; there are no survivors.
1993 The US Court of Appeals rules Congress must save all emails.
Born on August 13
1655 Johann Christoph Denner, inventor of the clarinet.
1818 Lucy Stone, woman’s rights activist, founder of Woman’s Journal.
1860 Phoebe Anne Moses, later known as Annie Oakley, a sharpshooter and entertainer.
1899 Alfred Hitchcock, director of over 50 films including Rebecca, Rear Window, Psycho and North by Northwest.
1902 Felix Wankel, inventory of the rotary engine which bears his name.
1912 Ben Hogan, American golfer.
1916 Daniel Schorr, radio and television correspondent.
1926 Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary leader and past president.
1930 Don Ho, Hawaii’s best-known musician and singer (“Tiny Bubbles”).
1933 Jocelyn Elders, first African American US Surgeon General (Sept 1993–Dec 1994).
1940 Ann Armstrong Daily, founder of the Children’s Hospice International.
1942 Robert Lee Stewart, US Army brigadier general and astronaut.
1951 Dan Fogelberg, multiple-platinum singer-songwriter.
1952 Herb Ritts, photographer who revolutionized fashion photography in the 1980s and created many iconic photos of celebrities.

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