August 11

991   Danes under Olaf Tryggvason kill Ealdorman Byrhtnoth and defeat the Saxons at Maldon.
1862   President Abraham Lincoln appoints Union General Henry Halleck to the position of general-in-chief of the Union Army.
1904   German General Lothar von Trotha defeats the Hereros tribe near Waterberg, South Africa.
1908   Britain’s King Edward VII meets with Kaiser Wilhelm II to protest the growth of the German navy.
1916   The Russia army takes Stanislau, Poland, from the Germans.
1941   Soviet bombers raid Berlin but cause little damage.
1942   The German submarine U-73 attacks a Malta-bound British convoy and sinks HMS Eagle, one of the world’s first aircraft carriers.
1944   German troops abandon Florence, Italy, as Allied troops close in on the historic city.
1972   The last U.S. ground forces withdraw from Vietnam.
1975   The US vetoes admission of North and South Vietnam to the UN.
1988   Al Qaeda is formed at a meeting in Peshawar, Pakistan.
1990   Troops from Egypt and Morocco arrive in Saudi Arabia as part of the international operation to prevent Iraq from invading.
2003   NATO assumes command of the international peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, its first major operation outside Europe.
Born on August 11
1833   Robert G. Ingersoll, advocate of scientific realism and humanistic philosophy.
1862   Carrie James Bond, songwriter who wrote “I Love You Truly” and “A Perfect Day.”
1861   James Bryan Herrick, physician who first described sickle-cell anemia.
1892   Hugh MacDiarmid, poet and founder of the Scottish Nationalist Party.
1921   Alex Haley, genealogist and author of Roots.
1933   Jerry Falwell, founder of the conservative political lobbying organization, the Moral Majority.
1943   Kenny Gamble, songwriter, record producer; a pioneer of the “Philadelphia Sound”  (“Ain’t Gonna Love Nobody,” “Me and Mrs. Jones”).
1946   Marilyn Vos Savant, author, columnist, playwright; “Highest IQ (Women)” Guinness Book of World Records, 1986-1989 (category retired in 1990).
1950   Steve Wozniak, co-founder of Apple Computer.
1950   Gennady Nikonov, inventor of AN-94 assault rifle.
1953   Hulk Hogan, wrestler, actor (Assault on Devil’s Island); World Wrestling Federation heavyweight champion, 1984-89.


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