Today in History: August 10

Today in History
August 10

955   Otto organizes his nobles and defeats the invading Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld in Germany.
1539   King Francis of France declares that all official documents are to be written in French, not Latin.
1557   French troops are defeated by Emmanuel Philibert’s Spanish army at St. Quentin, France.
1582   Russia ends its 25-year war with Poland.
1628   The Swedish warship Vasa capsizes and sinks in Stockholm harbor on her maiden voyage.
1772   Louis XVI of France is arrested and taken into custody as his Swiss Guards are massacred by a Parisian mob in an assault that will become known as the Storming of the Tuileries Palace. The insurrection will be one of the defining events in the history of the French Revolution. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1779   Louis XVI of France frees the last remaining serfs on royal land.
1831   William Driver of Salem, Massachusetts, is the first to use the term “Old Glory” in connection with the American flag, when he gives that name to a large flag aboard his ship, the Charles Daggett.
1846   The Smithsonian Institution is established in Washington through the bequest of James Smithson.
1864   Confederate Commander John Bell Hood sends his cavalry north of Atlanta to cut off Union General William Sherman‘s supply lines.
1911   The House of Lords in Great Britain gives up its veto power, making the House of Commons the more powerful House.
1913   The Treaty of Bucharest ends the Second Balkan War.
1941   Great Britain and the Soviet Union promise aid to Turkey if it is attacked by the Axis Powers.
1949   The National Military Establishment is renamed the Department of Defense.
1950   President Harry S. Truman calls the National Guard to active duty to fight in the Korean War.
1954   The groundbreaking ceremony for the St. Lawrence Seaway is held at Massena, New York.
1960   NASA launches Discoverer 13, a satellite; it would become the first object ever recovered from orbit.
1975   David Frost purchases the exclusive rights to interview Richard Nixon.
1977   The US and Panama sign the Panama Canal Zone accord, guaranteeing Panama would have control of the canal after 1999.
1997   The last British troops leave Hong Kong. After 156 years of British rule, the island is returned to China.
Born on August 10
1753   Edmund Jennings Randolph, governor of Virginia and first U.S. attorney general.
1810   Camillo di Cavour, helped bring about the unification of Italy under the House of Saxony.
1874   Herbert Hoover, 31st president of the United States (1929-1933).
1909   George W. Crockett, first African-American lawyer with the U.S. Department of Labor.
1909   Leo Fender, inventor of the first mass-produced electric guitar.
1928   Eddie Fisher, American singer.
1928   Jimmy Dean, singer, actor, TV host and businessman.
1933   Keith Duckworth, English mechanical engineer whose Cosworth DFV (Double Four Valve) engine revolutionized Formula One racing.
1945   Harriet Miers, White House counsel.
1948   Patti Austin, Grammy Award-winning singer and actress (“Real Me”).
1952   Daniel Hugh Kelly, film and TV actor (The Good Son).


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