Today in History
August 3

1347   Six burghers of the surrounded French city of Calais surrender to Edward III of England in hopes of relieving the siege.
1492   Christopher Columbus leaves Spain on his voyage to the new world.
1546   French printer Etienne Dolet, accused of heresy, blasphemy and sedition, is hanged and burned at the stake for printing reformist literature.
1553   Mary Tudor, the new Queen of England, enters London.
1610   Henry Hudson of England discovers a great bay on the east coast of Canada and names it for himself.
1692   French forces under Marshal Luxembourg defeat the English at the Battle of Steenkerque in the Netherlands.
1805   Muhammad Ali becomes the new ruler of Egypt.
1807   The trial of Aaron Burr begins. He is accused of plotting the secession of New England.
1864   Federal gunboats attack but do not capture Fort Gains, at the mouth of Mobile Bay, Alabama.
1882   Congress passes the Immigration Act, banning Chinese immigration for ten years.
1908   Allen Allensworth files the site plan for the first African-American town, Allensworth, California.
1911   Airplanes are used for the first time in a military capacity when Italian planes reconnoiter Turkish lines near Tripoli.
1914   Germany declares war on France.

Less than a week after war breaks out in Europe, nervous depositors trigger a run on the German Savings Bank in New York City by lining up outside its entrance at 147 Fourth Avenue. In 1918, with anti-German sentiment running high as World War I still rages in Europe, the bank will change its name to Central Savings Bank.

1916   Sir Roger Casement is hanged for treason in England.
1945   Chinese troops under American General Joseph Stilwell take the town of Myitkyina from the Japanese.
1958   The first nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus, passes under the North Pole.
1967   President Lyndon B. Johnson announces plans to send 45,000 more troops to Vietnam.
1972   Former Beatle Paul McCartney announces formation of his new group, Wings.
1975   The Louisiana Superdome is dedicated.
1977   Radio Shack unveils TRS-80 personal computer, which with Apple and Commodore would form the “1977 Trinity.” Its price and Radio Shack’s established retail outlets made it a bestseller for several years.
1990   The US commits naval forces to the Persian Gulf region in the wake of Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait.
2004   Statue of Liberty’s pedestal reopens to visitors after being closed following the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
Born on August 3
1867   Stanley Baldwin, British Prime Minister during the general strike of 1926.
1887   Rupert Brooke, English poet who mainly wrote about World War I.
1900   Ernie Pyle, World War II correspondent who wrote about the common soldier.
1905   Maggie Kuhn, social activist and founder of “The Gray Panthers.”
1909   Walter Van Tilburg Clark, Western novelist who wrote The Ox-Bow Incident.
1920   P.D. James (Phyllis Dorothy James), British mystery writer.
1924   Leon Uris, writer whose works include Battle Cry and Exodus.
1926   Tony Bennett, singer (“I Left My Heart in San Francisco”).
1941   Martha Stewart, business magnate and television personality.

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