Today in History: April 30

April 30

313   Licinius unifies the whole of the eastern Roman Empire under his own rule.
1250   King Louis IX of France is ransomed.
1527   Henry VIII of England and King Francis of France sign the Treaty of Westminster.
1563   All Jews are expelled from France by order of Charles VI.
1725   Spain withdraws from the Quadruple Alliance.
1789   George Washington is inaugurated as the first U.S. president.
1803   The United States doubles in size through the Louisiana Purchase, which was sold by France for $15 million.
1812   Louisiana is admitted into the Union as a state.
1849   Giuseppe Garibaldi, the Italian patriot and guerrilla leader, repulses a French attack on Rome.
1864   Work begins on the Dams along the Red River, which will allow Union General Nathaniel Banks‘ troops to sail over the rapids above Alexandria, Louisiana.
1930   The Soviet Union proposes a military alliance with France and Great Britain.
1931   The George Washington Bridge, linking New York City and New Jersey, opens.
1943   The British submarine HMS Seraph drops ‘the man who never was,’ a dead man the British planted with false invasion plans, into the Mediterranean off the coast of Spain.
1945   Adolf Hitler commits suicide in his bunker. Karl Donitz becomes his successor.
1968   U.S. Marines attack a division of North Vietnamese troops in the village of Dai Do.
1970   U.S. troops invade Cambodia to disrupt North Vietnamese Army base areas.
1972   The North Vietnamese launch an invasion of the South.
1973   President Richard Nixon announces the resignation of Harry Robbins Haldeman, John Ehrlichman, and other top aides.

Saigon falls as North Vietnamese forces gain control of the city. The Vietnam War formally ends as South Vietnam unconditionally surrenders.[From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]

1980   Terrorists seize the Iranian Embassy in London.
Born on April 30
1777   Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician.
1858   Mary Scott Lord Dimmick, First Lady to President Benjamin Harrison .
1870   Franz Lehár, Hungarian composer (The Merry Widow, The Land of Smiles).
1909   Juliana, Queen of the Netherlands.
1912   Eve Arden (Eunice Quedens), actress.
1933   Willie Nelson, country singer.
1945   Annie Dillard, writer (Pilgrim at Tinker Creek).
1954   Jane Campion, New Zealand film director (The Piano, A Portrait of a Lady).

2 Responses to Today in History: April 30

  1. MJ Genualdi says:

    Wasn’t Duke Ellington born today?

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