Today in History: April 26

April 26

757   Stephen II ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
1478   Pazzi conspirators attack Lorenzo and kill Giuliano de’ Medici.
1514   Copernicus makes his first observations of Saturn.
1564   William Shakespeare is baptized.
1607   The British establish a colony at Cape Henry, Virginia.
1865   Joseph E. Johnston surrenders the Army of Tennessee to General William T. Sherman.
1915   Second Lieutenant William Rhodes-Moorhouse becomes the first airman to win the Victoria Cross after conducting a successful bombing raid.
1929   The first non-stop flight from England to India is completed.
1931   New York Yankee Lou Gehrig hits a home run but is called out for passing a runner, the mistake ultimately costs him the home run record.

The German Luftwaffe bombs the city of Guernica during the Spanish Civil War, deliberately targeting its civilian population. Pablo Picasso will later memorialize the event in his antiwar painting “Guernica.” [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]

1941   The first organ is played at a baseball stadium in Chicago.
1968   Students seize the administration building at Ohio State University.
1983   The Dow Jones Industrial Average breaks 1,200 for first time.
1986   The world’s worst nuclear disaster occurs at the Chernobyl power plant in the Soviet Union.
1994   Nelson Mandela wins the presidency in South Africa’s first multiracial elections.
Born on April 26
1718   Esek Hopkins, first commodore of the United States Navy.
1785   John James Audubon, artist and naturalist.
1812   Alfred Krupp, German arms merchant.
1822   Frederick Law Olmsted, landscape architect, designed New York’s central park.
1875   Syngman Rhee, South Korean statesman.
1893   Anita Loos, novelist and screenwriter (Gentleman Prefer Blondes).
1894   Rudolf Hess, Nazi leader.
1900   Charles Richter, physicist and seismologist.
1914   Bernard Malamud, novelist and short story writer (The Natural).

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