April 16

69 Defeated by Vitellius’ troops at Bedriacum, Otho commits suicide.
556 Pelagius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope.
1065 The Norman Robert Guiscard takes Bari, ending five centuries of Byzantine rule in southern Italy.
1705 Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton.
1746 Prince Charles is defeated at the Battle of Culloden, the last pitched battle fought in Britain.
1818 The U.S. Senate ratifies the Rush-Bagot amendment to form an unarmed U.S.-Canada border.
1854 San Salvador is destroyed by an earthquake.
1862 Confederate President Jefferson Davis approves a conscription act for white males between 18 and 35.
1862 Slavery is abolished in the District of Columbia.
1917 Vladimir Lenin returns to Russia to start the Bolshevik Revolution.
1922 Annie Oakley shoots 100 clay targets in a row, setting a woman’s record.
1942 The Island of Malta is awarded the George Cross in recognition for heroism under constant German air attack. It was the first such award given to any part of the British Commonwealth.
1945 The destroyer USS Laffey survives horrific damage from attacks by 22 Japanese aircraft off Okinawa, earning the nickname “The Ship That Would Not Die.”
1945 American troops enter Nuremberg, Germany.
1947 A lens which provides zoom effects is demonstrated in New York City.
1968 The Pentagon announces the “Vietnamization” of the war.
1972 Two giants pandas arrive in the U.S. from China.
Born on April 16
1660 Hans Sloane, physician, naturalist, founder of the British Museum.
1728 Joseph Black, Scottish chemist and physicist.
1786 Sir John Franklin, arctic explorer.
1800 George Charles Bingham, British soldier, commanded the Light Brigade during the famous charge.
1844 Anatole France, French writer.
1850 Thomas Sidney Gilchrist, British metallurgist and inventor.
1864 Flora Batson, African-American soprano-baritone singer.
1867 Wilbur Wright, designer, builder and flyer of the first airplane.
1871 John Millington Synge, dramatist and poet (Playboy of the Western World).
1889 Charlie Chaplin, film actor and director.
1919 Merce Cunningham, American dancer and choreographer.
1922 Kingsley Amis, British author (Lucky Jim).
1924 Henry Mancini, composer and conductor (“Moon River”).
1947 Lew Alcinder (Kareem Abdul-Jabbar), professional basketball player.

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