April 11

1512   The forces of the Holy League are heavily defeated by the French at the Battle of Ravenna.
1713   The Treaty of Utrecht is signed, ending the War of Spanish Succession. France cedes its Maritime provinces to Britain.
1783   After receiving a copy of the provisional treaty on 13 March, Congress proclaims a formal end to hostilities with Great Britain.
1814   Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba.
1898   American President William McKinley asks Congress for a declaration of war with Spain.
1941   German bombers blitz Coventry, England.
1942   Detachment 101 of the OSS–a guerrilla force–is activated in Burma.
1945   After two frustrating days of being repulsed and absorbing tremendous casualties, the Red Army finally takes the Seelow Heights north of Berlin.
1951   President Truman fires General Douglas MacArthur as head of United Nations forces in Korea.
1961   Adolf Eichmann, Nazi Germany’s chief architect of the Holocaust in World War II, stands trial in Jerusalem on 15 charges that include war crimes, crimes against humanity, and crimes against the Jewish people. In covering the trial for The New Yorker, Hannah Arendt coins the phrase “the banality of evil” in reference to Eichmann. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1961   Folk singer Bob Dylan performs in New York City for the first time, opening for John Lee Hooker.
1968   President Johnson signs the 1968 Civil Rights Act.
1974   The Judiciary committee subpoenas President Richard Nixon to produce tapes for impeachment inquiry.
1981   President Ronald Reagan returns to the White House from hospital after recovery from an assassination attempt.
1986   Dodge Morgan sails solo nonstop around the world in 150 days.
1991   The United Nations Security Council issues formal ceasefire with Iraq.
1996   Forty-three African nations sign the African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty.
Born on April 11
1370   Frederick I, elector of Saxony.
1722   Christopher Smart, English poet.
1755   James Parkinson, English physician.
1770   George Canning, British prime minister (1827).
1794   Edward Everett, governor of Massachusetts, statesman and orator.
1862   Charles Evans Hughes, 11th Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
1893   Dean G. Acheson, U.S. secretary of state (1949-53); helped create NATO.
1901   Glenway Wescott, writer.
1925   Ethel Kennedy, wife of Senator Robert F. Kennedy.
1932   Joel Grey (Joe Katz), actor.
1941   Ellen Goodman, Pultizer Prize-winning columnist.
1950   Bill Irwin, actor and choreographer.

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