April 10

1790   The U.S. patent system is established.
1809   Austria declares war on France and her forces enter Bavaria.
1862   Union forces begin the bombardment of Fort Pulaski  along the Tybee River in Georgia.
1865   At Appomattox Court, VA, General Robert E. Lee issues his last orders to the Army of Northern Virginia.
1866   The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) is formed.
1902   South African Boers accept British terms of surrender.
1912   The Titanic begins her maiden voyage which will end in disaster.
1925   F. Scott Fitzgerald publishes The Great Gatsby.
1930   The first synthetic rubber is produced.
1932   Paul von Hindenburg is elected president in Germany.
1938   Germany annexes Austria.
1941   U.S. troops occupy Greenland to prevent Nazi infiltration.
1945   In their second attempt to take the Seelow Heights, near Berlin, the Red Army launches numerous attacks against the defending Germans. The Soviets gain one mile at the cost of 3,000 men killed and 368 tanks destroyed.
1945   Allied troops liberate the Nazi concentration camp of Buchenwald north of Weener, Germany.
1947   Jackie Robinson becomes the first black to play major league baseball as he takes the field for the Brooklyn Dodgers.
1971   The American table tennis team arrives in China.
1974   Yitzhak Rabin replaces resigning Israeli Prime Minister, Golda Meir.
1972   Workers in Shandong, China, discover tombs that contain bamboo slips—among them Sun Tzu’s Art of War and Sun Bin’s lost military treatise. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1981   Imprisoned Irish Republican Army hunger striker Bobby Sands is elected to the British Parliament.
Born on April 10
1583   Hugo Grotius, Dutch statesman and scholar.
1794   Matthew C. Perry, American naval officer; opened Japan to trade with the west.
1827   Lew Wallace, Civil War general, lawyer, diplomat and author of Ben Hur.
1867   A.E. (George William Russell), Irish poet and mystic.
1880   Frances Perkins, U.S. labor secretary, first female cabinet member.
1903   Clare Boothe Luce, reporter, U.S. ambassador to the Vatican.
1917   Robert B. Woodward, synthetic chemist.
1934   David Halberstam, New York Times correspondent, author, Pulitzer Prize winner in 1964.
1932   Omar Sharif (Michael Shalhoub), actor (Dr. Zhivago).
1941   Paul Theroux, author (The Great Railway Bazaar).

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