Today in History: April 9

April 9

193   In the Balkans, the distinguished soldier Septimius Severus is proclaimed emperor by the army in Illyricum.
715   Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
1241   In the Battle of Liegnitz, Mongol armies defeat Poles and Germans.
1454   The city states of Venice, Milan and Florence sign a peace agreement at Lodi, Italy.
1682   Robert La Salle claims the lower Mississippi River and all lands that touch it for France.
1731   British Captain Robert Jenkins loses an ear to a band of Spanish brigands, starting a war between Britain and Spain: The War of Jenkins’ Ear.
1770   Captain James Cook discovers Botany Bay on the Australian continent.
1859   Realizing that France has encouraged the Piedmontese forces to mobilize for invading Italy, Austria begins mobilizing its army.
1865   General Robert E. Lee, commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, surrenders his beleaguered Confederate forces to General Ulysses S. Grant and the Union Army at Appomattox Court House in Virginia, effectively bringing the Civil War to an end. [From MHQ—The Quarterly Journal of Military History]
1900   British forces route Boers at Kroonstadt, South Africa.
1916   The German army launches its third offensive during the Battle of Verdun.
1917   The Battle of Arras begins as Canadian troops begin a massive assault on Vimy Ridge.
1921   The Russo-Polish conflict ends with the signing of the Riga Treaty.
1940   Germany invades Norway and Denmark.
1942   In the Battle of Bataan, American and Filipino forces are overwhelmed by the Japanese Army.
1945   The Red Army is repulsed at the Seelow Heights on the outskirts of Berlin.
1950   Comedian Bob Hope makes his first television appearance.
1963   Winston Churchill becomes the first honorary U.S. citizen.
1966   The statue of Winston Churchill is dedicated at the British Embassy in Washington, D.C.
1968   Murdered civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., is buried.
1970   Paul McCartney announces the official break-up of the Beatles.
Born on April 9
1649   James Scott, Duke of Monmouth.
1821   Charles Baudelaire, French poet.
1826   Chatham Roberdeau Wheat, Confederate commander during the American Civil War.
1865   Erich Ludendorff, German general during World War I.
1879   W.C. Fields (William Claude Dukenfield), comedian and actor.
1898   Paul Robeson, actor and activist.
1905   J. William Fulbright, U.S. senator from Arkansas.
1926   Hugh Hefner, founder and publisher of Playboy magazine.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *