April 6

1199   English King Richard I is killed by an arrow at the Siege of the Castle of Chalus in France.
1789   The First U.S. Congress begins regular sessions at Federal Hall in New York City.
1814   Granted sovereignty in the island of Elba and a pension from the French government, Napoleon Bonaparte abdicates at Fontainebleau. He is allowed to keep the title of emperor.
1830   Joseph Smith and five others organize the Church of Latter-Day Saints in Seneca, New York.
1862   Confederate forces attack General Ulysses S. Grant at Shiloh, Tennessee.
1865   At the Battle of Sailer’s Creek, a third of Lee‘s army is cut off by Union troops pursuing him to Appomattox.
1896   The Modern Olympics begin in Athens with eight nations participating.
1903   French Army Nationalists are revealed to have forged documents to guarantee a conviction for Alfred Dreyfus.
1909   Americans Robert Peary and Matthew Henson become the first men to reach the North Pole.
1917   The United States declares war on Germany and enters World War I on the Allied side.
1924   Four planes leave Seattle on the first successful flight around the world.
1938   The United States recognizes Nazi Germany’s conquest of Austria.
1941   German forces invade Greece and Yugoslavia.
1965   President Lyndon B. Johnson authorizes the use of ground troops in combat operations.
Born on April 6
1483   Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio), Italian painter (Sistine Madonna).
1786   Sacagawea (also Sacajawea), American explorer.
1866   Lincoln Joseph Steffens, journalist.
1905   W. Warrick Cardozo, physician, researcher of Sickle Cell Anemia.
1927   Gerry Mulligan, jazz saxophonist.
1928   James Watson, co-discoverer of the structure of DNA.
1929   Andre Previn, pianist and conductor.
1937   Merle Haggard, American country musician.

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