April 3

628   In Persia, Kavadh II sues for peace with the Byzantines.
1367   John of Gaunt and Edward the Black Prince win the Battle of Najera, in Spain.
1559   Philip II of Spain and Henry II of France sign the peace of Cateau-Cambresis, ending a long series of wars between the Hapsburg and Valois dynasties.
1860   The Pony Express connects St. Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, California.
1862   Slavery is abolished in Washington, D.C.
1865   Union forces occupy the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia.
1882   The American outlaw Jesse James is shot in the back and killed by his cousin, Robert Ford.
1910   Alaska’s Mount McKinley, the highest mountain in North America is climbed.
1920   F. Scott Fitzgerald and Zelda Sayre are married at St. Patrick’s Cathedral in New York City.
1936   Bruno Hauptmann, killer of the Lindbergh baby, is executed.
1942   The Japanese begin their all-out assault on the U.S. and Filipino troops at Bataan.
1944   The U.S. Supreme Court rules that black citizens are eligible to vote in all elections, including primaries.
1948   President Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan. It will revive war-torn Europe.
1966   Three-thousand South Vietnamese Army troops lead a protest against the Ky regime in Saigon.
1972   Charlie Chaplin returns to the United States after a twenty-year absence.
1984   Coach John Thompson of Georgetown University becomes the first African-American coach to win an NCAA basketball tournament.
Born on April 3
1783   Washington Irving, American writer (The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, Rip Van Winkle).
1822   Edward Everett Hale, American clergyman and author (Man without a Country).
1823   William Macy “Boss” Tweed, New York City political boss.
1837   John Burroughs, nature writer.
1842   Hermann Carl Vogel, German astronomer.
1888   Gertrude Bridget “Ma” Rainey, American singer, “the mother of the blues.”
1898   Henry R. Luce, magazine publisher, founder of Time, Fortune and Life.
1924   Marlon Brando, actor (On the Waterfront, The Godfather).
1924   Doris von Kappelhoff [Doris Day], American singer and actress.
1930   Helmut Kohl, chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany.
1934   Jane Goodall, British anthropologist; known for her work with African chimpanzees.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *