Today in History

April 1

1572   The Sea Beggars under Guillaume de la Marck land in Holland and capture the small town of Briel.
1778   Oliver Pollock, creates the dollar sign.
1863   The first wartime conscription law goes into effect in the United States.
1865   At the Battle of Five Forks, Gen. Robert E. Lee begins his final offensive.
1868   The Hampton Institute is founded in Hampton, VA.
1905   Berlin and Paris are linked by telephone.
1918   England’s Royal Air Force is formed.
1920   Germany’s Workers Party changes its name to the Nationalist Socialist German Worker’s Party (Nazis).
1924   Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years in prison for the “Beer Hall Putsch.”
1928   China’s Chiang Kai-shek begins attacks on communists.
1929   The yo-yo is introduced in the United States by Louie Marx.
1939   The Spanish Civil War effectively ends with the official recognition of Franco’s government.
1942   The U.S. Navy begins a partial convoy system in the Atlantic.
1945   U.S. forces launch an invasion of Okinawa.
1946   A miners’ strike in the United States idles 400,000 workers.
1948   The Berlin Airlift begins, relieving the surrounded city from the Soviet siege.
1951   United Nations forces again move northward across the 38th Parallel in Korea.
1954   The U.S. Air Force Academy is founded in Colorado.
1968   The U.S. Army launches Operation Pegasus, the reopening of a land route to the besieged Khe Sanh Marine base.
1970   The U.S. Army charges Captain Ernest Medina for his role in the My Lai massacre.
1982   The United States transfers control of the Panama Canal Zone to Panama.
Born on April 1
1578   William Harvey, English physician and biologist.
1815   Otto Von Bismarck, chancellor of Germany.
1868   Edmond Rostand, French dramatist (Cyrano de Bergerac).
1883   Lon Chaney, film actor.
1883   William Manchester, U.S. historian and biographer.
1895   Alberta Hunter, blues singer.
1919   Joseph E. Murray, transplant physician.
1929   Milan Kundera, Czech writer (The Farewell Party, The Unbearable Lightness of Being).

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