An English fleet under the Earl of Essex, Lord Howard of Effingham and Francis Vere capture and sack Cadiz, Spain.
Led by Marshall Luxembourg, the French defeat the forces of the Grand Alliance at Fleurus in the Netherlands.
British troops depart from their base at the Bouquet River to head toward Ticonderoga, New York.
The Battle of the Somme begins. Approximately 30,000 men are killed on the first day, two-thirds of them British.
The New York State Commission Against Discrimination is established--the first such agency in the United States.
American ground troops arrive in South Korea to halt the advancing North Korean army.